Baliol of Durham, England
Unknown de Baliol b abt 1056, Bailleul-en-Vimeu, Picardy, France.
Children of Unknown de Baliol were:
  • Hugh de Baliol b abt 1078. See LINE A
  • Guy de Baliol b abt 1082. See LINE B
Hugh de Baliol, Seigneur of Bailleul and Hallincourt, b abt 1078, of Bailleul-en-Vimeu, Picardy, France. The identity of his wife is undetermined.
Child of Hugh de Baliol was:

Bernard I de Baliol [a] b abt 1105, of Barnard Castle, Durham, England, d abt 1153. He md Maud abt 1126. She was b abt 1112.
Child of Bernard I de Baliol and Maud was:

Bernard II de Baliol [b] b abt 1130, of Barnard Castle, Durham, England, d bef 1199. He md Agnes de Picquigny abt 1150. She was b abt 1136.
Child of Bernard II de Baliol and Agnes de Picquigny was:

Eustace de Baliol [c], Lord of Bywell, b abt 1155, of Bywell, Northumberland, and Barnard Castle, Durham, England, d abt 1209/10. He md [1] Unknown, and [2] Peronelle. It is undetermined as to which wife was mother of Hugh de Baliol.
Child of Eustace de Baliol was:

Hugh de Baliol [d] b abt 1180, Barnard Castle, Durham, England. He md Cecily de Fontaines abt 1200, Barnard Castle, Durham, England, daughter of Aleaure de Fontaines, Seigneur of Fontaines, Lord of Longpre. She was b abt 1185, Aberdeenshire, Scotland.
Children of Hugh de Baliol and Cecily de Fontaines were:
  • Ada de Baliol b abt 1204, Durham, England, d 29 Jul 1251. She md Sir John Fitz Robert, Magna Carta Surety, Lord of Warkworth, abt 1218, son of Sir Robert Fitz Roger, Lord of Warkworth and Clavering, Sheriff of Northumberland, and Margaret/Margery de Chesney.
  • Sir John de Baliol, Regent of Scotland, b 1210.
Sir John de Baliol [e], Regent of Scotland, b 1210, of Barnard Castle, Durham, England, d 12 Oct 1269. He md Devorguilla of Galloway 1233, daughter of Sir Alan of Galloway, Lord of Galloway, and Margaret de Huntingdon.
Children of John de Baliol and Devorguilla of Galloway were:
  • Ada de Baliol b abt 1235, prob Durham, England; md Sir William Lindsay.
  • Eleanor de Baliol b abt 1238, Barnard Castle, Durham, England. She md Sir John Comyn, "the Black Comyn", abt 1260, Barnard Castle, Durham, England, son of Sir John Comyn, Knight, "the Red Comyn", and Amabilia/Alicia.
Guy de Baliol [f] b abt 1082, of Bailleul-en-Vimeu, Picardy, France, d abt 1122-25, of Stokesley, Yorkshire, and Durham, England. He md Denise abt 1102. She was b abt 1086.
Child of Guy de Baliol and Denise was:

Hawise de Baliol b abt 1108, of Yorkshire and Durham, England. She md Sir William Bertram, Lord of Mitford, abt 1122, son of Sir Richard Bertram and Sybilla de Mitford.

The Baliols derived their name from Bailleul-en-Virneu in Picardy, near Amiens, and they were seigneurs of Bailleul, Hallincourt, and Dompierre in Picardy.

a. Between 1127 and 1144, Bernard Baliol, with the consent of his wife, Maud, and of his sons, Ingram, Guy, Eustace, and Bernard, and of his daughter Atuidis, gave the altars of the churches of their inheritance at Dompierre, Bailleuil, Tours, Ercourt, Ramburelles, and Allenai, the garden of Ralf his brother, to the Abbey of Cluny. Ingram, eldest son of Bernard I evidently died without issue before his father, and the latter was succeeded in Picardy by his son Eustace and in England by his son Guy. Both died s.p. and the French and English fees came to the fourth son, Bernard II, who was holding the English lands in 1162, when the Sheriff of York rendered 20 pounds for his scutage.

b. Bernard II was one of the royal commanders at the battle of Alnwick, 1173. He gave to Whitby the churches of Ingleby and Kirkby for the souls of Guy, his brother, and Hawise, his sister, and also to Rievaulx Abbey a pasture in Teesdale and the forest of Westerdale for the soul of his lord King Henry (II), and for those of Agnes, his wife, and Joscelin, his uncle, ca 1166-1189. By a charter of 1171, Bernard confirmed to the Abbey of Selincourt the gifts made by his father Bernard and his brother Eustace. The Liber Vitae of Durham lists among the benefactors Bernard de Baliol, Sr., Bernard, Jr., his son, and the latter's sons Ingram, Guy, and Eustace, Agnes de Picquigny, wife of Bernard, Jr., Maud, his mother, two Hawise de Baliols, Roger, son of Hugh de Baliol, nephew of Bernard, Jr., and John, son of Hugh and brother of Roger. Bernard's wife was then a daughter of the noble Picard house of Picquigny. Bernard II also had a son Hugh, who confirmed the grant made by his father Bernard of Stottecliffe in Teesdale to Bernard de Stottecliffe. Witnessed by Ingram de Balliol, Guy de Fountaines, et al. Bernard II appears to have died about 1188.

c. Eustace, the surviving son of Bernard II, succeeded his father. In 1190/91, he gave 200 pounds for licence to marry the widow of Robert Fitz Piers; she was evidently his second wife, the first wife's name is unknown. In 1200, Eustace, as heir of Bernard de Baliol paid 120 marks for arrears from the 1st and 2nd scutages of Richard. In 1200 Eustace and Hugh, his son, settled a dispute with the Abbot of St. Mary York.

d. Hugh de Baliol, son and heir of Eustace, was granted on 25 Feb 1203/4 (in his father's lifetime) the right to hold a fair at Newbrigging. In 1209 he had a plea against Robert Bertram for two caracutes of land in Penemore. In 1211/12 he held 30 knights fees. He was a stout adherent of King John in his quarrel with his Barons, and is, together with his brother Bernard, named as one of that King's "evil counsellors". He gave 10 acres in Newsum to Rievaulx for the soul of Cecilia, his wife. According to le Marquis de Belleval, Hugh's wife, Cecilia was a sister of Hugh, and daughter of Aleaure, seigneur de Fontaines, who was also Lord of Longpre, giving it his fishery at Courcon, which was part of her maritagium. Hugh had beside his son and heir John, a daughter Ada de Baliol who md John Fitz Robert of Warkworth; her father Hugh gave her the fee of Stokesley in frank marriage.

e. Sometime Regent of Scotland, and son and heir of Hugh, he was an ardent supporter of King Henry III in the Baron's War against Earl Simon. Together with his wife Devorguilla, founded Baliol College in Oxford. He left issue Hugh, Alan, Alexander, and John. Hugh married a daughter of William de Valence, Earl of Pembroke, and died without issue, as did his brothers Alan and Alexander, and the youngest brother John succeeded. This was the John who became King of Scotland.

f. Guy de Baliol is believed to be the first member of the family in England, and a member of the family of the seigneurs of Bailleul-en-Vimeu, apparently a cadet, who came to England during the reign of William Rufus. He subsequently received the great Yorkshire estates, which included the Stokesley fee, which had come to the Crown upon the resignation of Earl Aubrey of Northumberland. Guy also acquired an estate in Durham, near Gainford, where his nephew built Castle Barnard, which became the caput of the Baliol barony. Guy also held the Northumbrian barony of Bywell. He left one known daughter, Hawise, who received only a portion of his estate, namely Stainton, while the remainder of his holdings passed to his nephew Bernard, who was apparently the son of his elder brother, said to have been named Hugh. Guy de Baliol gave the church of Stokesley, together with one carucate of land there, the tithes of his demesne in that place, and also the church of Gainford, together with two bovates of land and the tithes of his demesne and the church of Stainton (near Castle Barnard, co. Durham) with two bovates and the tithes of his demesne to St. Mary's York for the souls of King William, his son (Rufus) and of King Henry, his lord, and for the souls of Denise his (the donor's) wife and of Bernard Baliol his nephew, 1112-1122.
CP Vol I[385]; GL: English Origins of New England Families, 1500s-1800s, Series 1, Volume 3, The Baliols in Picardy, England, and Scotland, by G. Andrews Moriarty, 1952, pp. 150-167, from an article appearing in NEHGR, republished by Genealogical Publishing Co.

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