Braose, Lords of Abergavenny and Bramber
William de Braose b abt 1038, of Briouze, Normandy, d abt 1095, prob England. He md (poss.) Eva de Boissey abt 1073/74. She was b abt 1040.
Child of William de Braose and Eva de Boissey was:
Philip de Braose, Lord of Briouze and Bramber, b abt 1076, of Bramber, Sussex, England, and Briouze, Normandy, d 1134-1135, Holy Land, Palestine. He md Aenor de Totnes abt 1104, daughter of Juhel de Totnes and Daughter de Picquigny. She was b abt 1090, Devonshire, England.
Children of William de Braose and Bertha Fitz Walter were:
Children of William de Braose and Maud de St. Valery were:
Sir William de Braose, Lord of Bramber, b abt 1172, Bramber, Sussex, England, d 1211, (murdered) Windsor, Berkshire, England. He md Maud de Clare abt 1206, daughter of Sir Richard de Clare, Earl of Hereford and Gloucester, and Amice Fitz Robert.
Children of William de Braose and Maud de Clare were:
Children of John de Braose and Margaret verch Llewelyn were:
Sir William de Braose, Lord of Bramber and Gower, b abt 1224, d sh bef 6 Jan 1290/91. He md  Aline de Multon abt 1252, daughter of Thomas de Multon and Maud de Vaux. He md  Agnes de Moeles, and  Mary de Ros abt 1271.
Child of William de Braose and Aline de Multon was:
Sir William de Braose, Lord of Bramber and Gower, b abt 1258, d sh bef 1 May 1326. He md  Unknown, and  Elizabeth de Sully.
Sir Richard de Braose [d] b bef 1232, of Stinton in Salle, Norfolk, England, d bef 18 June 1292. He md Alice le Rus bef 9 Sep 1265, daughter of William le Rus and Agatha de Clere.
Children of Richard de Braose and Alice le Rus were:
Sir Reginald de Braose [f], Lord of Abergavenny, b abt 1175, Bramber, Sussex, England, d 9 Jun 1228, Breconshire, Wales. He md  Gracia de Briwere bef 1204, daughter of Sir William de Briwere and Beatrice de Vaux. He md  Gwladus-Dhu verch Llewelyn 1215.
Child of Reginald de Braose and Gracia de Briwere was:
Sir William de Braose [g], Lord of Abergavenny, b bef 1197, Brecknock (Breconshire), Wales, d 2 May 1230, Wales. He md Eva Marshal 2 May 1220, Pembrokeshire, Wales, daughter of Sir William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke, Mareschal of England, and Isabel de Clare.
There is no connection between this family and that of de Brus; while both are Norman in origination, they came from distinctly different areas of Normandy, and bore distinctly different arms. It should also be noted that the spelling used here of Braose is the form which, according to Cokayne's The Complete Peerage, was adopted in peerages. CP states that "in some 25 early references to this name, not in charter latin, it appears as Breouse, Breuse, or Brewys", and additionally, that the descendants of William (d aft 1179) spelled the name as Brewes. Perhaps the latter two of these spellings may have lead to some fanciful notion based on pronunciation which lead to the conclusion that Brewes and Brewys must be the same as Brus. Another version of this surname is seen in Weis' Ancestral Roots and Magna Charta Sureties, as Braiose, and is perhaps the "purest" form of the name; CP states that the family's Norman home was "Briouze-Saint-Gervais (formerly Braiose)".
a. Lord of Briouze in Normandy and of Bramber in Sussex, he was son and heir of Philip de Braose, of the same, by Aenor, daughter and heir of Juhel, son of Alvred, Lord of Barnstaple and Totnes. He was Sheriff of Hereford, Easter 1173-75, at which earlier date was probably already in possession of the Lordship of Over-Gwent. He married, in or before 1150, Bertha, second sister and coheir of William of Hereford. He was still living in 1179.
b. Note that the marriage of Bertha de Braose to Walter de Beauchamp, which is widely seen, is in question. This marriage would have been within the prohibited degree, as Walter would have married the niece of his grandmother.
c. As a result of his quarrel with King John, his lands were foreited (1208), and his wife and first son, William, were starved to death in the dungeons of Corfe (or Windsor) in 1210. He died the following year, and was buried in the Abbey of St. Victor, Paris.
d. Younger son of Sir John de Braose, Lord of Bramber and Gower, and Margaret, daughter of Llewelyn, Prince of North Wales, Richard de Braose was summoned 12 December 1276 to 14 Jun 1287, and to attend the King at Shrewsbury 28 June 1283. He married Alice le Rus, widow of Richard Lungespeye. She was the daughter and heir of William le Rus by Agatha, daughter and heir of Roger de Clere of Bramley, Surrey and Ludborough, Lincolnshire, by his wife Maud. Richard and his wife were buried at Woodbridge Priory.
e. Mary, the wife of Sir John de Weyland, has been claimed in several sources to be the granddaughter of Richard de Braose (by his son John), but from a feet of fines record she is stated to be the daughter of Richard and Alice.
f. He had livery of his father's lands 26 May 1216, but gave up Bramber in or after 1220 to his nephew, John, son and heir of his first brother, William.
g. He was hanged by Prince Llewelyn 2 May 1230, having been discovered in the Prince's bedchamber with Joan, Llewelyn's wife. The alleged adultry, and Braose's execution, created tensions which eventually lead to an outbreak of war in southern Wales the following year.
h. Coheir to her father, Eva was the heiress of Abergavenny. William de Cantelou, on 25 July 1238, obtained her wardship and marriage together with the custody of Abergavenny and other lands left to her, and shortly thereafter, she was married to his son, William. The lordship of Abergavenny then passed into the Cantelou family, but for only one generation, when again, a female heir took the Abergavenny title to yet another family.
CP: Vol I[21-22], Vol II[302-304], Vol IV; AR: Line 29A, Line 63A[28-29], Line 66[27-28], Line 67[28-29], Line 68[28-29], Line 70, Line 177[5-8], Line 177A[6-7], Line 194[5-6], Line 222, Line 246; MCS: Line 28A[2-5]; SGM.
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