Fitz Gerald, Lords of Offaly
Walter Fitz Other [a] b abt 1040, of Windsor, Berkshire, England, d aft 1100. He md Beatrice abt 1066. She was b abt 1048.
Child of Walter Fitz Other and Beatrice was:
Gerald of Windsor [b], Constable of Pembroke Castle, b abt 1068, of Windsor, Berkshire, England, d bef 1136. He md Nest verch Rhys abt 1090, daughter of Rhys ap Tewdr-Mawr, Prince of South Wales, and Gwladys verch Rhiwallon.
Child of Maurice Fitz Gerald and Alice de Montgomery was:
Sir Gerald Fitz Maurice [d], First Baron of Offaly, b abt 1152, d bef 15 Jan 1203/04. He md Eve de Bermingham abt 1185, daughter of Robert de Bermingham. She was b abt 1165, d bef Dec 1226.
Children of Maurice Fitz Gerald and Juliane were:
Sir Maurice Fitz Maurice Fitz Gerald [f], Justiciar of Ireland, Lord of Offaly, b abt 1239, Wexford, Ireland, d 1286, Ross, Ireland. He md  Maud de Prendergast abt 1260, daughter of Gerald de Prendergast and Daughter de Burgh; and  Emmeline Longespee.
Child of Maurice Fitz Gerald and Maud de Prendergast was:
Juliane Fitz Maurice b abt 1263, prob Dublin, Ireland, d aft 1309. She md Sir Thomas de Clare, Governor of London, Lord of Inchequin and Youghae, 1275, Essex, England, son of Sir Richard de Clare, Earl of Gloucester and Hertford, Lord Clare, Knight, and Maud de Lacy.
Sir John Fitz Thomas Fitz Gerald [h], Earl of Kildare, Lord of Offaly, b abt 1258, Ireland, d 12 Sep 1316, Laraghbryan, Ireland. He md Blanche de la Roche abt 1278, daughter of John de la Roche. She was b abt 1263, Ireland.
a. A Domesday tenant of lands in Berkshire, Buckinghamshire, Northamptonshire, and Surrey, he held a barony owing 15 or 20 knights' fees to the castle guard of Windsor, where he was Keeper of the Great Forest and castellan of the castle. He was living in or after 1100.
b. Gerald of Windsor was constable, under Arnulf de Montgomery, of his castle of Pembroke, and successfully defended it when it was attacked by the Welsh in 1092. In 1100, he went to Ireland to demand for Arnulf the daughter of King Murrough in marriage. When Arnulf was deprived of his estates and exiled by Henry I in 1102, the King granted the custody of Pembroke Castle to Gerald. While his exact date of death is not known, it is presumed to have been before 1136.
c. Younger son, his portion in Wales, presumably from his mother (daughter of Rhys ap Tewdr Mawr, Prince of South Wales), was the lordship of Lanstephan. Under King Stephen, the sons of Gerald of Windsor were hard pressed by the Welsh in their effort to dislodge the Norman interlopers from the lands they had seized. In 1167, Dermot MacMurrough, the dispossessed King of Leinster, offered a promise to Maurice and his half-brother, Robert Fitz Stephen, to give them Wexford if they would help him regain his kingdom. In 1169, Maurice, with two ships of armed followers, and with the aid of his Norman allies, landed at Wexford, upon which Dermot recovered Dublin. The arrival of Henry II somewhat hindered their progress, but at his departure Easter, 1172, the King left Maurice one of the three keepers of Dublin. After being for some time in Wales, Maurice returned to Ireland, where the Keeper, Earl Richard, Strongbow, was consolidating the Normans in the face of the Irish by making them grants of land in fee, and by arranging marriages between factious families. He gave Maurice the middle cantred of Ophelan in co. Kildare, (called by Dermot "The Naas...this is the land of Offelan"), as well as Wicklow. Maurice appears to have been a capable administrator as well as a keen soldier; to him "was due the making of Youghal as a medieval town". He colonised it with citizens of Bristol, built its fortifications, and perhaps founded St. Mary's Church there. There is no record of his marriage, but it seems likely he was twice married. While his wife is shown here as Alice, the daughter of his father's exiled Lord, Arnulph, The Complete Peerage states that this is unlikely, as Arnulf was exiled from Ireland in 1102, when Maurice was likely a small child, if yet even born.
d. Probably the eldest son of his father's (presumed) second marriage, he was the first baron of Offaly. He was with his father at the siege of Dublin in 1171, and after his father's death, his elder brother William gave him half the cantred of Ophelan. By his marriage to Eve, presumably the daughter of Robert de Bermingham, he received the barony of Offaly. His widow married secondly, Geoffrey Fitz Robert, and after his death in 1211, she married, thirdly, Geoffrey de Marsh (or Marisco), sometime Justiciar of Ireland.
e. He was knighted in Jul 1217, and as Maurice FitzGerald, Lord of Lea, the younger, he was one of the formal witnesses to a covenant of dower made in the great church of Naas in Mary 1227. He was summoned in Oct 1229 to London to accompany the King's expedition to Poitou and Gascony, and was appointed Justiciar of Ireland in Sep 1232. He was several times summoned to England as Justiciar, to give counsel on the affairs of Ireland, but in Nov 1245, he was superseded in that office by the appointment of John FitzGeoffrey, a move which the King appears afterwards to have regretted. He is said to have married Juliane, but nothing more is known of her. He died at the monastery of Youghal, which he had founded.
NOTE: Complete Peerage, in its article regarding the Fitz Geralds of Offaly, Vol X, shows a rather major divergence (beginning with the generation following Maurice Fitz Gerald who married Juliane) from that shown in Ancestral Roots. Following AR's source citation in CP of Vol VII, one finds a lineage chart which contradicts the lineage shown in Vol X, and which matches identically (with the exception of the recent discovery of Maud de Prendergast as first wife of Maurice Fitz Gerald of the next generation) with what is shown in AR. Mention is then made in Vol VII of more recent investigations (specifically of Thomas Fitz Maurice) which have altered the line as shown in Vol X. This lineage reflects the revision as shown in Vol VII of CP, as well as in AR.
f. In May 1262, he was among the chief magnates in Ireland summoned to inform the King and Prince Edward about the state of that country, and was summoned again in Jun 1265. It had been believed that his (only) wife was Emmeline Longespee, but a recent discovery by Mr. Douglas Richardson (to appear in one of his upcoming publications), indicates Maurice Fitz Maurice (Fitz Gerald) was first married to Maud de Prendergast, and she was the mother of Juliane Fitz Maurice. Go to SGM site for details concerning this discovery.
g. Youngest son of Maurice Fitz Gerald, the Justiciar, he had, from his brother, Maurice, a grant of lands in Sligo. He died at his brother's castle of Lough Mask in 1271.
h. He first appears in records ca 1288, when as John, son of Thomas, he was guardian of part of the Marches of the English Pale, and in 1291 he had protection while in England with the Archbishop of Dublin. He was also engaged in suits concerning his kinsmen's lands, which he appears to have bought from the coheirs. In 1293, he built Sligo Castle, and in the same year and later, was keeper of the castles of Roscommon and Randown. In 1294, he took the Earl of Ulster (Richard de Burgh) prisoner and was also involved in a dispute with another noble, William de Vesci. In 1295, he was summoned to Parliament by John Wogan the Justiciar, who also arranged a truce for two years between the Earl of Ulster and John and the other Geraldines, which became a peace in 1298. John then gave the Earl 3,000 marks and the Earl gave his daughter in marriage to John's son. From 1295 to 1302, he was summoned by the King for military service in Scotland and Flanders. In 1307, he and Edmund Boteler dispersed the robbers of Offaly who had burned Lea Castle. In 1309 he was called upon to cooperate with the Earl of Ulster and other magnates in assembling an Irish force by the following midsummer to serve in Scotland, and in 1311 he was summoned to assist the King's commissioners in quieting discontents in Ireland. When Edward Bruce, brother of King Robert, came to Ireland and was crowned King of Ireland, John Fitz Thomas and others, whose combined forces would have been sufficient to overcome Bruce, intead fell out among themselves and did nothing, but in Feb 1315/16, he joined with the other magnates of Ireland in an obligation to maintain the King's authority against his enemies, the Scots. On 14 May of that year, for his services to the late and present King, he had grants of the castle and town of Kildare, and being then in England, was created Earl of Kildare.
CP VII[200, 218-221], Vol X[10-17]; AR: Line 178[2-7], 178A[5-8]; GL: English Origins of New England Families, Series 1, Volume 2, Origin of the Hastings, by G. Andrews Moriarty, p. 688, from an article originally appearing in NEHGR, republished by Genealogical Publishing Co.
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