The Dukes of Normandy
Eystein Glumra, Jarl of the Upplands, b abt 803, of Norway. The identity of his wife is not known.
Known children of Eystein Glumra were:
Child of Ragnvald the Wise and Hiltrude was:
Rollo/Robert I of Normandy [a], 1st Duke of Normandy, aka Ganger Rolf, b abt 855, Norway, d abt 927-931, prob Normandy, France. He md Poppa of Bayeux abt 886, daughter of Berenger, Count of Bayeux. She was b abt 876.
Child of William I of Normandy and Sprota was:
Richard I of Normandy, Duke of Normandy, "Sans Peur/the Fearless", b 28 Aug 933, Seine-Inferieure, Normandy, d 20 Nov 996, Seine-Inferieure, Normandy. He md Gunnora aft 968, Normandy. She was b abt 952, d 1031, Normandy. He also had children with one, or more, Unknown Mistresses.
Richard II of Normandy, Duke of Normandy, "Le Bon", b abt 962, Normandy, d 28 Aug 1027, Normandy. He md Judith of Brittany abt 988, daughter of Conan I of Brittany, Duke of Brittany, and Ermengarde of Anjou.
Children of Richard II of Normandy and Judith of Brittany were:
Children of William the Conqueror and Matilda of Flanders were:
Children of Henry I Beauclerc and Matilda of Scotland were:
 Unknown Mistress.
Child of Henry I Beauclerc and Unknown Mistress was:
Children of Robert de Caen and Maud Fitz Hamon were:
Sir William Fitz Robert [e], 2nd Earl of Gloucester, b 23 Nov 1116, d 23 Nov 1183. He md Hawise de Beaumont abt 1150, daughter of Sir Robert de Beaumont, Earl of Leicester, Justiciar of England, Knight, and Amice de Montfort.
Children of Henry I Beauclerc and Sibyl Corbet were:
Child of Reginald Fitz Roy and Mabel Fitz Richard was:
Maud Fitz Roy b abt 1143, Dunstanville, Kent, England. She md Robert de Beaumont, Count of Meulan, 1165, son of Sir Waleran de Beaumont, Earl of Worcester, Count of Meulan, and Agnes/Elizabeth de Montfort.
 Nest verch Rhys, daughter of Rhys ap Tewdr-Mawr, Prince of South Wales and Gwladus verch Rhiwallon. She was b abt 1073, Llandyfeisant, Carmarthenshire, Wales, d bef 1136.
Child of Henry Fitz Henry was:
Children of Henry I Beauclerc and one, or more, mistresses were:
Robert d'Evreux, Count d'Evreux, b abt 965, d 1037, Nicea, Turkey. He md Herleve/Havlive abt 983. She was b abt 968.
Child of Robert d'Evreux and Herleve/Havlive was:
Mauger of Normandy, Count of Corbeil, b abt 968. He md Germaine of Corbeil abt 986, daughter of Albert of Corbeil. She was b abt 973.
Child of Mauger of Normandy and Germaine of Corbeil was:
William, Count of Corbeil, b abt 992, d aft 1060. The identity of his wife is not known.
Child of Bouchard II of Corbeil and Adelaide of Crecy was: LINE D
Geoffrey, Count of Brionne, b abt 970, Normandy, France, d abt 1015. Wife unknown.
Child of Geoffrey of Brionne was:
a. Known as Ganger Rolf, the Viking, he was banished from Norway to the Hebrides around 876, evidently for his warlike activities and disturbances, and in 890, he participated in the Viking attack on Bayeux, where Berenger, the Count of Bayeux was killed, and his young daughter Poppa was abducted and became Rollo's wife. In 911, under the Treaty of St. Claire, he received the Duchy of Normandy from Charles II.
b. Called Longsword, William I succeeded to the Duchy of Normandy upon his father's death in 927. In about 930, when the Bretons rebelled, he defeated them, taking Brittany, the Channel Islands, the Contentin, and the Averanchin. He was killed in an ambush by servants of Theobald, Count of Blois, and Arnulf, Count of Flanders, in December 942. No doubt, as a son of the infamous Ganger Rolf, he was considered a foreign usurper who posed an immense threat to the French nobility, as well as to the Crown of France.
c. Seen also as Fredesende, Fressende, and Fressendis, there is disagreement as to her placement as a daughter of Duke Richard I. Her husband, Tancred of Hauteville was first married to one Muriella, and secondly to Fredesina. By this first marriage, Tancred had a son William, of whom exists a record which calls William "nepos" (literal translation, nephew) of Richard, Duke of Normandy. A second record calls Tancred and Fredesina's son, Robert Guiscard, "nepos" of RIchard, Duke of Normandy. Both Muriella and Fredesina are believed to have been either sisters, or aunt and niece, as Muriella appears to have been close to a generation older than Fredesina. Some believe they were sisters and both daughters of Duke Richard I, or of Duke Richard II, while others believe Muriella was the daughter of Richard I, and Fredesina was daughter of Richard II. See soc.genealogy.medieval for a discussion of these issues.
d. He was born prior to his father's accession to the throne, and was one of Henry I's illegitimate sons. He was created Earl of Gloucester between Jun and Sep 1122. In 1127 he did homage to the Empress Maud recognizing her as the successor to his father. Upon Stephen's succession to the throne, he gave up Falaise, and upon his return to England in Mar 1136, did homage for his English lands, and was a witness to Stephen's Charter of Liberties. About this time, he founded St. Jame's Priory at Bristol. In 1137, when accompanying Stephen to Normandy, they had a falling-out, and the following year his English and Welsh estates were forfeited. Thereupon he prepared for war with Stephen, taking up the cause of his half-sister, Maud (or Matilda), and obtained the surrender of Caen and Bayeux which he handed to her husband, Geoffrey of Anjou. In Sep 1139, he landed in England with Maud, becoming her commander-in-chief in the civil war that ensued. In 1140, he burned Nottingham and the following Feb, with his son-in-law, Ranulph, Earl of Chester, took Stephen prisoner at Lincoln. He was captured in Sep 1141 and imprisoned briefly and was shortly afterwards exchanged for Stephen, without concessions on either side. In Jun 1142, Maud sent him to her husband, Geoffrey of Anjou, to urge him to invade England, but he declined help unti he had conquered Normandy, whereupon Robert joined him in his campaign. But hearing that Maud had been besieged in Oxford, Robert hurriedly returned to England to help her, taking with him her son, afterwards Henry II. Maud managed an escape from Oxford, and Robert and her son, Henry, met her at Wallingford, and then went to Bristol, Robert's chief seat of residence. In 1143 Robert defeated Stephen at Wilton, but Maud's party was by now much reduced and Stephen was able to take Farington. In the spring of 1147, Robert took Maud and her son, Henry, back to Wareham and then on to Anjou. Robert was dead in Oct of that year, having succumbed to the fever. His widow, Mabel, daughter of Robert Fitz Hamon and Sibyl, daughter of Rober de Montgomery, survived him. He and Mabel had sons William, his successor; Roger, who became Bishop of Worcester (1163-79), Hamon, who died in Henry's expedition to Toulouse in 1159; Philip, who first sided with his father, but later adhered to Stephen; Richard, who received his mother's lordship of Creully and died in 1175; another Richard, who was Bishop of Bayeux (1134-42); and Robert (perhaps illegitimate). Of their daughters, Mabel married Ranulph des Gernons; she is described in 1185 as 50 years of age and more.
e. In Oct 1141, he was surety for his father when he was exchanged for King Stephen, and during his father's absence in Normandy in 1144 he served as Governor of Wareham. In 1147, he overthrew Henry de Tracy at Castle Cary. In 1154 he made an alliance with Roger, Earl of Hereford, by which they agreed to aid each other against all men except King Henry. He was lord of the manor of Glamorgan, as well as Caerleon, residing chiefly at Cardiff. It was there that in 1158 he and his wife and son were captured by Ivor the Little and carried away into the woods, where they were held as prisoners until the Earl redressed Ivor's grievances. In 1173 he took the King's part against his sons, but thereafter he appears to have fallen under suspicion, for the following year he submitted to the King, and in 1175 surrendered to him Bristol Castle. In 1176, it is said that Earl William (his son Robert having died ten years earlier) by the King's desire made John, the King's younger son, heir to his earldom, in conformity with the King's promise that John should marry one of the Earl's daughters, if the Church would allow it, they being related in the third degree. Earl William was present in Mar 1177 when the King arbitrated between the Kings of Castile and Navarre, and in 1178, he witnessed Henry's charter to Waltham Abbey. But during the King's struggles with his sons, when he imprisoned a number of magnates of whose loyalty he was doubtful, Earl William was among them. He died, s.p.m.s. on his birthday in 1183; his wife Hawise survived him. They left three daughters, coheirs, Mabel, who married Amauri de Montfort, Count d'Evreux; Amice, who married Richard de Clare, Earl of Hertford; and Isabel, who became Countess of Gloucester, who married John de Mortain, Earl of Gloucester, younger son of Henry II.
f. He is called Reynold de Dunstanville by Complete Peerage, but Mr. Douglas Richardson disagrees with this nomenclature, stating that he has never seen him referred to as "de Dunstanville" in any official early records or contemporary sources. He is, however, occasionally referred to as "de Mortain", but this is in reference to land he held by right of his wife, whose mother was a daughter of Robert de Mortain. He was one of the 14 illegitimate children by King Henry I, by various mistresses, one of whom being Sibyl Corbet, who was his mother. He married Mabel (called Beatrice in CP), the daughter of William Fitz Richard, a holder of large estates in Cornwall. About Apr 1141, Reginald was created Earl of Cornwall, probably by the Empress Maud, but his title was fully recognized subsequently by King Stephen. He was a witness to the compromise between Stephen and Henry in 1153, and served as Sheriff of Devon from 1173 to 1175. In Oct 1173, he was in command against the rebellious Barons. He died without male issue, whence the earldom reverted to the Crown.
CP: Vol III, Vol V; AR: Line 1[23-24], Line 33A[23-25], Line 38, Line 39, Line 50, Line 64[26-27], Line 98, Line 118, Line 119, Line 121[22-26], Line 121E[18-22], Line 124[25-27], Line 125[26-27], Line 130[23-24], Line 132[22-23], Line 132A[22-24], Line 139, Line 144A, Line 153[24A], Line 166[22-23], Line 235.
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