Information on the Throckmorton Family
Origins of the Surname Throckmorton
This surname derives from the village of Throckmorton in Worcestershire, England. It is believed that the Throckmortons were residing in England well before the time of the Conquest, as evidenced by one "John de Throkemerton" who was lord of the manor of Throckmorton in 1130. The name is recorded as Throkemorton, Throkemerton, Throkemarton, with the most common variation being Throgmorton.

Adam de Throckmorton
A Coughton deed shows that Adam, "son of Robert de Thokemertone", granted one-half a virgate in Throckmorton to his brother, Nicholas, upon the latter's marriage with Alice, sister of Adam's wife; for which gift "Dame Felicia de Derinstone", mother of Alice, and John, her brother, gave Adam de Throckmorton 24s. It is stated that Adam de Throckmorton inherited the lands in Throckmorton and Upton, of Henry de Throckmorton, who is believed to have been his grandfather. This Henry de Throckmorton is believed by some to be son of the earliest progenitor, John, named above.

Robert de Throckmorton
From a Coughton deed is found that "Robert, son of Adam de Throkemorton, with the assent of his wife, Prudence, grants to Richard Gorwi of Throkemarton, four acres in the East Field of Throkemorton". Another Coughton deed shows that Robert de Throckmorton granted one-half a virgate in Throckmorton to Alured de Throckmorton, "of which one-half acre abuts on the lands of Matilda, relict of Adam".

A Coughton deed shows that Robert, son of Peter de Compton, with the assent of his wife Lucy, grants to Simon de Throckmorton, son of Robert "1/2 virgate, with a house, adjacent in the village of Throkemerton, held by Walter Brune".

Simon de Throckmorton
Simon and wife Isabel, in a Coughton deed, granted to eldest son, Robert, lands in Tetinhale, Palle, and Overton, which was their inheritance by the death of Philip de Donnisley, brother to Isabel. Another deed records Simon de Throckmorton releasing to Richard de Weston, to Robert, son of the said Simon and Joan, daughter of the named Richard (de Weston), all right in a house in Throckmorton.

While his exact date of death is not known, Simon de Throckmorton last appears in Coughton records in 1314.

Robert de Throckmorton
In a (7th of Edward III) charter at Coughton, Robert, "Lord Throkemerton", and his son Giles, were witnesses. Wife Joan de Weston was the daughter of Richard de Weston, he the son of Sir Hugh de Weston, who fought in the baron's wars, and his second wife, Sarah de Stretton. Sir Hugh was Lord of Weston and Newton in Staffordshire.

Giles de Throckmorton
On June 25, 1347, Giles de Throckmorton was appointed, along with Thomas Boteler, Ralph le Botiller, and others, as an inspector of wool in county Worcester. John Fraunceys of Throckmorton, granted to Giles de Throckmorton and his wife Agnes, a tenement in Throckmorton. Giles was known to be living as late as 1348.

Robert de Throckmorton
A Coughton deed, dated "Friday before St. Dennis", 1362, shows that Geoffrey Colmon granted to Robert de Throckmorton and wife, Lucy (Coleman), and the "heirs of their bodies" lands in Throckmorton. Geoffrey Colmon evidently had two daughters, Lucy, who married Sir Robert de Throckmorton, and Alice, who married Thomas, son of John de Throckmorton, brother to Robert.

Thomas de Throckmorton
Lord of the manor of Throckmorton, he married Agnes, the daughter and co-heir of Sir Alexander de Besford. Thomas de Throckmorton was one of the esquires in the retinue of William de Windsor in France, 1380-81. Prior to his departure he executed an indenture in which he enfeoffed his lands between Sir Richard, rector of Lench Randulf Church, Sir Robert de Throckmorton, and Sir John Samplon, Chaplains. A condition of the feoffment was that these feoffees should enfeoff Thomas by his attorney, viz. Alexander de Besford and Agnes his wife and their heirs, saving to Lucy, mother of the said Thomas, all her right and possessions in the lands and tenements in Throckmorton for her life, with remainder, failing the heirs of said Thomas and wife Agnes to the right heirs of Thomas.

Thomas de Throckmorton, styled Knight, also served in the retinue of Thomas de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick. He received a grant of protection on 18 April 1399, to travel to Ireland with Thomas le Despenser, Earl of Gloucester, on the King's service. He was escheator for the county of Worcester in 1397, Constable of Elmly Castle 1405, commissioned a justice of the peace for Worcestershire 16 May 1401 to 13 February 1407.

John de Throckmorton
Lord of Throckmorton and Black Nauton in Worcester, and, by right of his wife, lord of Coughton and Pernore in Warwickshire.

He was employed in the service of Richard de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, at Caen, Normandy in (5th of Henry V), and having been educated in law, was later a member of the council of King Henry V, as Under Treasurer of England. He also received appointment as one of the general attorneys for managing the affairs of the Earl of Warwick, and upon the latter's death, John de Throckmorton, along with others of note, became custodians of the deceased Earl's castles and lordships.

He married Alianore (Eleanor), daughter and co-heir of Sir Guy de la Spine, or Spineto, of Coughton Court in Warwick. Guy de la Spine was a knight of the shire for Warwick in the parliaments of King Richard II, as well as escheator of Warwickshire and Leicestershire. His father, William de la Spine, was the grandson of William de la Spine who married Joan de Cocton (Coughton), daughter of Ranulph de Cocton.

Will of John de Throckmorton
Dated 12 April 1445, proved 19 April 1445.

"The last will & testament of me Johan Throckmorton made at London XIIth daye of April the yere of our Lord MCCCCXLV. I Johan Throgmorton in good mynde make my testament in this manner: first I bequeathe my soule to Almighty God to our Lady Seynt Marie and to all the holie companie of heven, my body to be buried in the parish Church of S. John Baptist of ffladbury in ye County of Worcester also I will & charge yt myne executors let make a stonne of Marbyll of such largenesse as may kever my ffadur my modyer and me and my wife yeff she wold lye per, with a memoriall upon ye said stone after ye discretion of myne executors. Also I will and charge ye executors of this my last will yt my detts first ben payd above all thyngs, and yt where I have been all dayes of my life in my Countrie Astever in ye worlde as ye worlde asketh puocheift divers landes and tenements and made divers Contracts and covenents And yet be any man yt can complayn and say yt I have not truly and duly after seeth and concerns performed & fulfilled such covenants as wer made betwixte thoo persons & me. I will and charge yat yeyhen agreed & contented. Also I wolle and charge yf yr be any person yt I have take goode to labour for him and I have not do my labore and entent to performe his entent I will that he be agreed. Also I bequeathe to Robert Russell yt hath wedded my eldest daughter C marks. Also to Thomas Wynslow I bequeathe yt hath wedded my second daughter of such goodes (???) ye sayd Thomas Wynslow oweth me after ye discretion of myne executors also I bequeathe to John Rous yt hath wedded my third daughter XL li. Also I bequeathe to Robert Gyfford, yt hath wedded my fourth daughter XX li., ye which he oweth me, with yat, yat he wolde be kynde Alianore my wyf and to his wyf yt ys my daughter. Also I bequeathe to Thomas Greene yt hath wedded my fyffe daughter such sylver plate as Sir Thomas Green Knight hath leyed to me to wedde and for seyd mony a day agoo and in case Sir Thomas Greene Knight will pay ye somme yat ye plate lyeth fore yen I will that my sone Thomas Grene have ye sayd somme. Also I bequeathe to Richard Knightley yt hath wedded my sixte daughter, all ye silver plate yt thabbot of Seynt James Abbey of Northampton hadde in plegge ye which I sette oute. Also I bequeathe to John my younger son all my money yt he oweth me. Also I will yt my servants been rewarded after ye discretion of my executors and after yeir continuance in yeir service. Also I bequeathe to my modyr Church of Worcester XL s. Also I bequeathe to ye new werk of St. Brydes Church in fletesbriele XX s. Also I bequeathe to every of ye fower orders of ffryers in Worcester XL s. Also I bequeathe to every prison house in London vjs. viijd. The residue of all my godes, I will and charge myne executors yt yey done for me and dispose so as yey wolde yt I shyld do for them and yey had passed oute of ye world before me. My executors, Alianore my wyf chef executor, Tho. Throckmorton myn son and Rawlyn Ingoldesby the Coper executor, and I will yat ye seyd Rawlyn have for his labour and diligence yt he must have aboute of yis my testament XX li. I ordeyne also and mak overseer of this my will and testament for grete affairs and trust yt I have hadde in his Lordship and shall have after my deth Sir Rauf Buttelere, Lord of Sudeley and Treasor of England. He for yt oversighte to be rewarded after ye discretion of myne executors.

In witness whereof I have sette ye seale of Myne Armes (yenen) ye day and yere above said.
Proved April 19, 1445 before Ven. Master Alexander Prowit Commissary."

Thomas Throckmorton
Lord of the manors of Throckmorton, Black Nauton, Hill and More, Coughton, Spernore and Weston. He married Margaret, daughter and heir of Robert Olney, of Weston Underwood, Buckinghamshire, and his wife Goditha Judith Bosum, she daughter and heir of Sir William Bosum, Lord of Roxton, Bedfordshire.

Thomas served as knight of the shire for Worcester, 1447, and was under commission with the Abbot of Evesham, with several others, for levying archers in Worcestershire for defense of the kingdom. He was also appointed steward of all castles and manors controlled by the Bishop of Worcester, and served as high sheriff for the counties of Warwick and Leicester. For his service to Edward, Prince of Wales, he was appointed attorney-general of the Prince, 20 February 1457. He was also appointed receiver of the Lordship of Glamorgan and Morgannock for the Earl of Warwick in 1464. Thomas died in 1472, and was buried at Fladbury.

John Throckmorton
Will dated 1507; inquisition post-mortem 1510, he married Jane, daughter and co-heir of Henry Baynard, Esquire, of Spexall, Suffolk, England.

Simon Throckmorton
"Symon" Throckmorton, of Allhallows in South Elmham, Suffolk, and Earsham, Norfolk, married Anne, daughter of Edmund Louthe of Sawtry, Huntingdonshire. His will was dated 14 August 1576, and was proved at Beccles, 7 December 1577, by executor Lionel Throckmorton, his son. There exists a memorial brass for Simon Throckmorton in the church of Earsham in Norfolk, England.

Lionel Throckmorton
Sir Lionel Throckmorton, of South Elmham and Bungay, county Suffolk, married first, Elizabeth Kemp, by whom he had no issue. Secondly, he married in 1560 to Elizabeth, daughter of John Blennerhasset of Barsham, Suffolk. The will of Lionel Throckmorton was dated 22 May 1599 and was proved at Beccles on 7 December 1599.

Bassingborne Throckmorton
Of the city of Norwich, Norfolk, Bassingborne Throckmorton served as alderman of Norwich. He was twice married, first in 1591, to Mary, daughter of William Hill of Bury, St. Edmonds, and wife Jane Annable. His second wife was Hester Pye. Son John Throckmorton, immigrant to America, was a son by his first marriage.

Will of Bassingborne Throckmorton (condensed)
Dated September 1638, proved 5 November 1638.

My body to be buried in the Trinity church or chancell of Bungay co. Suffolk, near my father and mother there buried.
To the reperation of St. Powles church in Norwich.
To the poor of St. James parish in Norwich.
To my cousin Chapman of Bungay 20s.
To Mr. Gamon, minister of St. Lawrence parish in Norwich.
To the poor of East Wymer in Norwich.
To the children of my daughter Layer �each at 21 years.
To my son Thomas Throckmorton �0 for the use of my daughter Layer and her children.
Her Husband John Layer to have no part thereof.
To my son-in-law William Railey ?100 for his three daughters Margery, Anne, and Susan.
To Edward Curtis 40s.
To Mary Scnior 40s. and to the rest of servants 5s.
To Hester Throkmorton my wife, household stuff given by my mother Dowinge.
To my sons Lyonell, Thomas, John, Miles, and Robert, all my househould stuff not before given or bequeathed; and the lease in Norwich which I purchased this 15 Sept. 1638 of Sir Edward Blenerhassett equally divided between them.
To Lyonell all my lands etc., in Norwich, Bungay, and elsewhere.
To John Linnicke and Hester Gleane ?5 each.

Executors:--Mr. Eustacy Darcie, Mr. Raphe Blenerhassett.

Witnesses:--Henry Rose, Christofer Giles, Edmond Smith, and John Mathews.

John Throckmorton, Immigrant
Born in Norwich, Norfolk, England, he was baptised 9 May1601. He was apprenticed to his uncle, Robert Debney, alderman of Norwich, on 20 March 1620/21 for "seven and a half years from Christmas 1620 to the mystery and art of a scrivner; to be taught said mystery, maintained for said term, and at termination to receive double apparel".

John Throckmorton embarked at Bristol, England on 1 December 1630, on the ship Lyon, and arrived in Boston on 5 February 1631, from whence he went to Salem. He was granted freemanship 18 May 1631. Due to religious differences, he removed to Rhode Island in October of 1638, one of twelve persons to whom Roger Williams deeded land which he had purchased of Canonicus and Matonomi. In April of the following year, he bought of Roger Williams his interest in what is now called Prudence Island. On 27 July 1640, John Throckmorton and 38 others signed an agreement for forming a government, and on 6 Jul 1643, he obtained a land grant for himself and 35 associates in New York. This area is now called Throgg's Neck.

Not long after the latter date, the Indians attacked the English, and killed several members of the Throckmorton and Cornhill families. By February of 1747, John Throckmorton was residing in Providence, Rhode Island. Here he served as Moderator and Deputy, as well as on the Town Council, and as Town Treasurer. He died in 1687 in Middletown, New Jersey, probably while visiting his children.

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