Marmion of Lincolnshire, England
Robert Marmion [a] b abt 1095, Normandy, d 1143-1144, Coventry, Warwickshire, England (slain). He md Millicent of Rethel abt 1130, daughter of Gervais of Rethel, Count of Rethel, and Elizabeth/Isabel of Namur

Robert Marmion [b] b bef 1133, of Lincolnshire, England, d bef Oct 1181. He md Maud de Beauchamp abt 1153, daughter of Sir William de Beauchamp and Maud de Braose.
Children of Robert Marmion and Maud de Beauchamp were:

  • William Marmion b abt 1158, d bef 1220.
  • Robert Marmion b abt 1160.
  • Mabel Marmion b abt 1163, of Lincolnshire, England, d abt 1210, of Richard's Castle, Herefordshire, England. She md Hugh de Say abt 1180, son of Hugh de Say and Lucy de Clifford.
Robert Marmion [c] b abt 1160, of Lincolnshire, England, d bef 15 May 1218. He md:
[1] Unknown abt 1180.
Child of Robert Marmion and unknown first wife was:
[2] Philippe abt 1186. She was b abt 1166, d aft 1221.
Child of Robert Marmion and Philippe was:

    Robert Marmion [f], the Younger, b abt 1190, of Lincolnshire, England, d abt 1241/42. He md Avice de Tanfield abt 1216, daughter of Gernegan de Tanfield. She was b abt 1203, d aft 1284.
    Child of Robert Marmion and Avice de Tanfield was:

    Sir William Marmion [g] b abt 1223, d bef 1276. He md Lorette de Dover 1245, daughter of Richard Fitz Roy and Rohese de Dover.
    Child of William Marmion and Lorette de Dover was:

    Sir John Marmion [h], Lord Marmion, b abt 1255, d bef 7 May 1322. He md Isabel abt 1282. She was b abt 1264.
    Child of John Marmion and Isabel was:

    Sir John Marmion [i], Lord Marmion, b abt 1292, d 30 Apr 1335. He md Maud de Furnival abt 1305, daughter of Sir Thomas de Furnival, Lord Furnival, and Joan le Despenser.
    Children of John Marmion and Maud de Furnival were:

    • Avice Marmion b abt 1310, Tattershall, Lincolnshire, England; md Sir John de Grey abt 1330.
    • Joan Marmion b abt 1318, Tattershall, Lincolnshire, England, d 2 Oct 1361. She md John Bernake abt 1336, son of Sir William Bernake and Alice de Driby.

a. Son of Roger Marmion, who in 1115-1118 held Winteringham, Willingham, Scrivelsby, Coningsby, etc. in co. Lincoln, he rendered account for relief of his father's lands in 1130. Around 1129-33, Henry I granted him free warren in Warwickshire, as his father had held it. He and wife Millicent granted the church of Polesworth to the nuns there, as well as the vill of Buteyate to Bardney Abbey. In 1140, Geoffrey, Earl of Anjou, besieged and destroyed his castle of Fontenay. He played a major part in the anarchy of Stephen's reign. He was slain in 1143-44 in warfare with the Earl of Chester.

b. All of the lands of his grandfather and father were restored to him by King Stephen, and in 1155 he obtained from Henry II a charter of free warren in Warwickshire, including Tamworth, and in 1166 he was holding over 16 knights' fees. He then granted Avon and Ditchampton in co. Wilts, as well as Llanstephen in Glamorgan to his uncle Geoffrey in exchange for the latter's right in Winteringham and Scrivelsby in co. Lincoln, and the fee of Manasser Marmion. He granted the church of Checkenden in Oxford to Coventry priory around 1170-75, for the injuries done to that house by his father. He also began the foundation of Barbery Abbey in Normandy. He married Maud de Beauchamp, daughter of William by his wife Maud de Braose.

c. He was witness to several charters of Henry II between 1174 and 1181, and in Oct of the latter year completed his father's gift to Barbery Abbey. He was active in judicial affairs, appearing first as a justice of Caen in 1177, and as a justice in the King's court 1184/85 to 1205, and was a member of the Barons' party against King John. He also served as sheriff of Worcester between 1185 and 1189. The identity of his first wife is unknown, and he secondly married, Philippe, parentage unknown. Both marriages produced a son named Robert.

d. After his father's death the custody of Tamworth Castle was temporarily given to his younger half-brother, also called Robert (the younger), but in 1220, the lands which had belonged to his father were restored to him, and in turn, he committed them to the custody of the Bishop of Winchester. His interests appear to have been mostly in Normandy, where he was a benefactor of the abbey of Fontenay. In 1233, he made a further grant of all of his English lands, as well as the custody and marriage of his son and heir, Philip, for a term of seven years, to the said Bishop. He died about 1241-43. His wife Juliane was still living in 1236.

e. The King took his homage in Feb 1244 for the share of his wife's lands, and on 24 Jan 1248/49 the charters of free warren in Warwickshire and Lindsey, granted to his great-grandfather, were ratified by the King. He was appointed sheriff of cos. Warwick and Leicester in 1249, and in 1253 he accompanied by the King to Gascony. The following year, when returning to England, he was captured by the Earl of Warwick at Pons in Poitou. In Mar of 1257/58 he was summoned to Chester to take part in the expedition against Llewelyn, and on 18 Oct 1261, to London, and again 25 May 1263 to Worcester to join the force against Llewelyn. In Jul 1261 he was appointed sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk, as well as keeper of the castles of Norwich and Orford. In Nov 1265 he was granted various lands which had belonged to adherents of Simon de Montfort, located in co. Lincoln, Northants, Warwick, Leicester, Notts, Derby, and York, and in Sep 1266 the King's demesnes of Tamworth and Wigginton were committed to him for life. His first wife was, Joan, heir to her father, Hugh de Kilpeck, and he secondly married Mary, who was survived him. By Joan he had three daughters, (1) Joan, who married William de Morteyn, (2) Mazera, who married Ralph de Cromwell and predeceased her father, and (3) Maud, who married Ralph le Butler. By his second wife, Mary, he left one daughter, Joan, who married Thomas de Ludlow and Henry Hillary. He also left an illegitimate son, Robert.

f. Known as Robert the younger, to distinguish him from his elder half-brother of the same name, he was the son of his father's second marriage to Philippe. On 15 May 1218, he made a fine with the King to pay an amount for having the custody of the castle of Tamworth and the lands of which Robert his father had died seised, to hold until Robert, the elder, his brother, should make his peace with the King and recover his father's lands in England, in which event he was to retain the vills of Winteringham and Coningsby in co. Lincoln, Quinton in co. Gloucester, and Berwick in Sussex. The following day, William de Harcourt was ordered to deliver to him the castle of Tamworth, but in 1220 it was restored to Robert, the elder. On 26 Nov 1224, his right to 5 hides of land in Quinton and to the manor of Berwick was acknowledged by his half-brother, Robert the elder, to whom he granted 2 carucates of land in Coningsby. By his marriage to Avice, daughter of Gernegan de Tanfield, he obtained Tanfield and several other manors of the Richmond fee. He died, probably in 1241, but certainly before 23 Oct 1242. His widow was still living in 1284.

g. He was under age in 1243 and in the custody of William de Cauntelo. On 30 Apr 1251 he quitclaimed to the Prioress of Fosse the advowson of the church of Willingham in co. Lincoln. He was knighted, apparently at the occasion of the knighting of Prince Edward. He was in the service of the King in 1259 in France. He took the side of the Barons against Henry III, and, as a supporter of Simon de Montfort, was summoned to Parliament 24 Dec 1264. He was among the "disinherited" who were admitted to the King's peace 1 Jul 1267, and pardoned for their trespasses. He was apparently deceased by 1276, when his son, John, did homage to the Abbot of Peterborough.

h. In Nov 1281 he was pardoned for a sum taken by his father during the disturbances of 1265, and in 1284-85 he was returned as holding the manor of Quinton in co. Gloucester. On 5 May 192 he had a grant to him and his heirs of free warren in his demesne lands in East Tanfield, Carthorpe, Little Langton, co. York, Winteringham in Lincoln, Luddington, Northants, Nether and Over Quinton, co. Gloucester, and Berwick, Winton and Pikehay in Sussex. He was summoned to attend the King in Jun 1294, on urgent affairs, and in Dec 1295 for military service against the Scots the following March. He was summoned to attend the King 7 Jul 1297 for service overseas, and in the same year, and also in 1298, 1300-01 and 1306, was again summoned for service against the Scots. He was elected a knight of the shire for Lincoln, and to be present at the Parliament at York 25 May 1298. In 1311, 1324, 1315, 1319 and 1322 he was again summoned for service against the Scots, and was summoned to Parliament from 23 Sep 1313 to 2 May 1322, whereby he became Lord Marmion. On 18 Jun 1320, he was appointed a conservator of the peace in the county of Lincoln, and he was ordered to abstain from attending the 29 Nov 1321 "good peers" meeting at Doncaster of Thomas, Earl of Lancaster.

i. His name appears in Oct 1313 among a list of those adherents of Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, who were pardoned for the death of Piers de Gaveston. He was summoned, as John Marmion "le fitz" for military service against the Scots in 1314, and again in 1322 and 1323. In Aug 1322 he had letters of protection for going to Scotland with the Earl of Richmond, and in Oct of that year, he was appointed commissioner of array for North Riding. He was summoned to Parliament 3 Dec 1326, and in Sep 1327 was named on a commission of oyer and terminer for Yorkshire. In that same year, he and wife Maud made a settlement in special tail male of the manors of Tanfield and Carthorpe. In May 1329 he had a protection for three years for going on pilgrimage to the Holy Land.

CP: Vol VIII[505-521]; AR: Line 30[30], Line 148A[28-31], Line 246A[25-26]; SGM: Alan B. Wilson, correction to CP re wife of Robert Marmion II [ref: English Baronies, by I. J. Sanders, 1960, History of the Ancient Noble Family of Marmyun, by Thomas Christopher Banks, 1817, The Origins of Some Anglo-Norman Families, by Lewis Christopher Loyd, 1951, et al.

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